Dreaming As One
Poetry, Poets and Community in Bolinas, California
1967 - 1980

by Kevin Opstedal


Note: This bibliography is not meant to be a complete listing of every book written in Bolinas from 1967 to 1980. The books chosen are generally those that are either mentioned or quoted in the text, or books that I thought best represent the Bolinas poetry scene of the time. Representative specimens of Bolinas poetry and publications.

I thank Steve Dickison, director of the San Francisco State Poetry Center, whose checklist for Recent Visitors: Poets & Publishing on the Bolinas Scene of the Seventies exhibit, which he curated, was a big help, supplementing and clarifying my own ragged list of things Bolinasian.


On the Mesa: An Anthology of Bolinas Writing, edited by Joel Weishaus, City Lights, 1970.


''Interview with Harrison Dibblee, Jr.'', The Crala Ehat Oral History Program, Marin County Free Library, 1975.

''Tom Clark: Inertia and the Highway Patrol'', Sun & Moon, 1976. Interviewer Pat Nolan.

''Jim Carroll Interview'', San Francisco Review of Books, June 1980. Interviewer Erik S. McMahon.

''The oil spill that changed West Marin politics'', by Joel Reese, Point Reyes Light, January 18, 1991.

''Interview with Joanne Kyger'', The Crooked Cucumber, 9/29/95. Interviewer David Chadwick.

''Anne Waldman: The Early Years…1965-1970'', by Joanne Kyger, Jacket Magazine, April 2, 2005.

''The Bolinas Poets'', Beat Scene, Number 51, Late Summer 2006. A large section of this British magazine is devoted to a series of interviews between the editor, Kevin Ring, and a significant group of former Bolinas poets' Lewis Warsh, Alice Notley, David Meltzer, Bill Berkson, Lewis MacAdams, Anne Waldman, Tom and Angelica Clark, Duncan McNaughton and Lawrence Kearney. The section also features short articles on Joanne Kyger and John Thorpe, as well as a reprint of my own article on Bolinas that first appeared in the webzine Jack.


The Bolinas Hit: (2 issues) edited by Bill Beckman, Tom Clark and Jim Brodey, 1969.

Sugar Mountain. (1 issue) edited by Lewis Warsh and Tom Clark, 1970.

The Paper, edited by Bill Beckman, 1971-1973

Beaulines: A Diary of Community Consciousness, edited by Bill Beckman, 1973-1974.

Big Sky: edited by Bill Berkson, 1971-1978.

Untitled Poetry Magazine, edited by Aram Saroyan and Russ Riviere, 2 issues, 1973.

Hearsay News: published 3 times a week by three separate editorial staffs, 1973-present.

Fathar, edited by Duncan McNaughton. Issues #6, Sept. 1974, and #7, March 1975 were both published in Bolinas.

The Turkey Buzzard Review, edited by Dotty le Mieux, 4 issues published, 1977-1981.


Berkson, Bill: Recent Visitors, Angel Hair, 1973.
Ants, Arif Press, 1974. With drawings by Greg Irons.
Enigma Variations, Big Sky, 1975.
Blue is the Hero, L Publications, 1976.

Berrigan, Ted & Clark, Tom: Bolinas Eyewash, unpublished manuscript (a large selection from this manuscript was printed in GAS: High-Octane Poetry, Number 3, Summer 1991).

Borregaard, Ebbe: Sketches For 13 Sonnets, Oyez, 1969.

Brainard, Joe: Bolinas Journal, Big Sky, 1971.

Brautigan, Richard: In Watermelon Sugar, Four Seasons Foundation, 1968.

Brown, Bill: The Way to the Uncle Sam Hotel, Coyote Books, 1967.

Carroll, Jim: The Basketball Diaries, with an introduction by Tom Clark, Tombouctou, 1978.
The Book of Nods, Penguin, 1986.
Forced Entries, Penguin, 1987.

Clark, Tom: Air, Harper & Row, 1969.
Green, Black Sparrow, 1971.
John's Heart, Goliard/Grossman, 1972.
35, Poltroon Press, 1976.
How I Broke In, Tombouctou, 1977.
When Things Get Tough on Easy Street, Black Sparrow, 1979.

Clarke, John: Blake, The Institute of Further Studies Number 7 in the Curriculum of the Soul Series, 1973.

Creeley, Robert:, Shambala/Mudra, 1971. drawings by Arthur Okamura.
Thirty Things, Black Sparrow, 1974.
Away, Black Sparrow, 1976.
The Contexts of Poetry: Interviews 1961-1971, Grey Fox, 1976.

Dibblee, Harrison: Hours That Count and Thoughts in Rhyme, Westward, 1930.
Calling Quail, Kaleidograph Press, 1940.
The Epic of Bolinas, Kaleidograph Press, 1940.

Hawkins, Bobbie Louise: Fifteen Poems, Arif Press, 1974.
Frenchy & Cuban Pete and other stories, Tombouctou, 1977.

Kearney, Lawrence: Earthquake, no imprint, 1974.
FIVE, Tombouctou, 1976.

Koller, James: California Poems, Black Sparrow Press, 1971.
Like It Was, Blackberry Books, 1999.

Kyger, Joanne: Joanne, Angel Hair Books, 1970.
Places to Go, Black Sparrow Press, 1970.
Trip Out and Fall Back, Arif Press, 1974.
All This Every Day, Big Sky, 1975.
The Wonderful Focus of You, Z Press, 1980.
Just Space, Poems 1979-1989, Black Sparrow, 1991.

MacAdams, Lewis: The Bolinas Report, Zone Press, 1971.
Dance, The Institute of Further Studies'
Number 16 in the Curriculum of the Soul Series, 1972.
Tilth, Bolinas Future Studies Center, 1972.
News From Niman Farm, Tombouctou, 1976.
Live From the Church, Kulchur, 1977.
The River: Books One, Two & Three, Blue Press, 2005.

McNaughton, Duncan: Dream, The Institute of Further Studies, Number 2 in the Curriculum of the Souls Series, 1973.
A Passage of Saint Devil, Talonbooks, 1976.
Sumerania, Tombouctou, 1977.
Shit On My Shoes, Tombouctou, 1979.

Meltzer, David: Knots, Tree Books/Christopher's Books, 1971.
Bark: a Polemic, Capra Press, 1973.
Six, Black Sparrow Press, 1976.

Saroyan, Aram: The Bolinas Book, Other Publications, 1974.
Friends in the World: The Education of a Writer, Coffee House Press, 1992.
Day & Night: Bolinas Poems, Black Sparrow, 1998.

Schell, Orville: The Town That Fought To Save Itself, Pantheon, 1976.

Thorpe, John: The Cargo Cult, Big Sky, 1972.
Matter, or giving, Institute of Further Studies, Number 25 in the Curriculum of the Soul Series, 1975.
Exogeny, Trike, 1981.
Five Aces & Independence, Tombouctou, 1981.

Warsh, Lewis: Long Distance, Ferry Press, 1971.
Part of My History, Coach House Press, 1972.

Warshall, Peter: Septic Tank Practices, Anchor, 1979. The first edition was published by Mesa Press, Bolinas, with a cover drawn by Arthur Okamura.

Whalen, Philip: Heavy Breathing, Four Seasons Foundation, 1983. (Collects Severance Pay, Scenes of Life at the Capital, The Kindness of Strangers, and Enough Said)


Clay, Steven and Phillips, Rodney: A Secret Location on the Lower East Side' Adventures in Writing, 1960-1980. The New York Public Library and Granary Books. 1998.

Guthrie, Hammond. As Ever Was: Memoirs of a Beat Survivor. SAF Publishing, Ltd. 2002.

Waldman, Anne and Warsh, Lewis. The Angel Hair Anthology. Granary Books. 2001.

Bolinas and Stinson Beach (Images of America: California) by The Bolinas Museum and Stinson Beach Historical Society. Arcadia Publishing. 2004.


Without the cooperation of the poets who so graciously put up with my pestering questions and so generously provided me with answers, and materials, ranging from old letters and photographs, to fugitive and obscure publications, I could never have attempted or continued in my often wayward and convoluted pursuit of this story. Many thanks to Bill Berkson, Tom Clark, Donald Guravich, Dale Herd, Joanne Kyger, Lewis MacAdams, Duncan McNaughton, Alice Notley, Aram Saroyan, Tom Veitch, Anne Waldman, Lewis Warsh, Joel Weishaus, and Michael Wolfe' and, sadly, a belated thanks in memoriam to Bill Beckman, Joe Brainard, John Clarke, Robert Creeley, and Philip Whalen. Thanks as well to Gordon Baldwin, Arthur Okamura, and Dotty le Mieux. Also to John Thorpe, for talking to me, however briefly, once during a party at Joanne and Donald's house.

Grateful acknowledgement to Richard Schimmelpfeng, Director of Special Collections, Homer Babbidge Library, The University of Connecticut' Frank Walker, Curator, Special Collections, Elmer Holmes Bobst Library, New York University' and Anne Caiger, Manuscripts Librarian, The University Library, UCLA' and Steve Dickison, Director, The Poetry Center at San Francisco State University.

Thanks also to Michael Rothenberg and Mary Sands who asked me to write an article on Bolinas poets for the webzine Jack in 2002. That article was the new beginning of this project, which originally began in the late 80's. Thanks to Kevin Ring, editor of the magazine Beat Scene, who reprinted the Jack webzine article in his magazine at a crucial moment.

And finally to Pamela Dewey, who cared when she had no earthly reason to. Maybe I'm amazed.


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